The following conventions convey information without affecting to computer’s searching function. Any other form of respelling would reduce the range of finding capability in searches.

bold ng: indicates that this is the /ng/ nasal combination. Where ‘ng’ occurs not in bold, this indicates uncertainty as to whether is is the /ng/ nasal combination (as in English ‘singer’ or ‘n’and ‘g’ separately pronounced as in English ‘finGer’

capital G: indicates that the ‘g’ is separately pronounced and does not form part of an /ng/ nasal combination

capital N: represents the sound /nh/

capital D: represents the sound /dh/

capital A: a long form of the vowel

capital I: a long form of the vowel

capital U: a long form of the vowel


Text in CAPITALS often indicates that it is commentary by the author/compiler [JS].

Filed border A coloured border around a field indicates it is drawing information from another database.

Status field

‘JS’ in the ‘status’ field indicates that the original record has been varied in some way be the database author JS (Jeremy Steele). This occurs when a word is taken from a multiple-word entry and is examined on its own.

Brackets or parentheses

[Square brackets]: indicate a word being examined by JS as parts of a multiple-word original entry. ‘JS’ is shown in the Status field.

{curly brackets}: indicate that an original entry may have multiple words, of which only one word is being examined in the record concerned. The original author’s acronym may be shown in the Status field against such entries.

<Arrow brackets>: used usually to mark internet references